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Fixed Prostheses

These are prostheses that can not be removed by the patient himself, but can be removed by the dentist. Metal-based crowns and bridges, zirconium-based implant crowns and bridges, full porcelain crowns, full metal crowns, Maryland bridges are fixed prostheses in faceted and bio-dent teeth used previously.

It is the most preferred type of prosthesis in tooth deficiencies. When one or more of your teeth are extracted, when a prosthesis is not applied to the gap formed, melting begins in the bone length and width in the area of ​​the extracted tooth.

If there are teeth in front of or behind the space, these teeth begin to slide and bend towards the space. Gum problems occur in bent teeth. Over time, gaps begin to form in other teeth standing next to each other.

When he has a missing tooth in a jaw. The other tooth of the other jaw opposite the cavity begins to extend into the cavity, as there is no longer a tooth to contact when closing.

When the teeth are displaced, the closure of the lower and upper jaw is disrupted, and problems begin to occur in the jaw joint, chewing and facial muscles.

The teeth play an important role in supporting the lips and cheeks. If teeth are lost, these brackets will also be lost. Cheeks and lips will collapse inward.

Removable Prostheses

Removable prostheses are appliances made to restore the aesthetic, function (chewing) phonation (speech) that the person has lost, and to protect the continuity and health of the teeth and tissues in the mouth.

Removable dentures are dentures that can be removed, cleaned and fitted by the patient when requested.

Full Dentures (Palatal Prostheses)

They are prostheses made for individuals who have no teeth left in their mouths. It is the most difficult to use among these prostheses. It is formed by placing artificial teeth on a material called acrylic. These teeth are made of acrylic or porcelain. This type of prosthesis is not the only solution in edentulous mouths. Implant supported prostheses can also be made for patients who do not want to use this type of prosthesis.

Partial (Partial) Prostheses

It is a type of prosthesis applied to patients with a few teeth left in the mouth. After the necessary procedures are performed on the teeth in the mouth, the deficiencies in the edentulous areas are completed with this prosthesis.

Metal supports called crochet (hooks) and nails are used to increase the retention.

Implants can be considered as an alternative to this prosthesis.

Precision Retained Prostheses: These prostheses are also partial prostheses, they are better prostheses in terms of aesthetic appearance, preferred by patients who do not want to look metal when they smile. It is also called snap prosthesis.

It includes parts such as interlocking lock system. It is slightly more expensive than other removable prostheses. The strength of the teeth that will support such a prosthesis should also be evaluated. Otherwise, this type of prosthesis may not be made.

Maintenance of Removable Dentures:

Dentures should be removed and brushed after each meal.

Cleaning should be done using special brushes and soap produced for prostheses. Invisible scratches occur on dentures brushed with toothpaste. It loses the denture polish (slippery surface feature). Bacteria cling to these areas cause discoloration and bad odor in the prosthesis.

It has been proven that bacteria on the prosthesis are not removed by simply washing the prosthesis under water by hand.

Never use bleach, dishwashing and laundry detergent cleaning products for denture cleaning. These products spoil the structure and color of the prosthesis and are harmful to the general health of the person.

You can get cleaning tablets specially produced for dentures from pharmacies. These tablets are dissolved in a glass of water and kept by placing a prosthesis inside. This process can be done several times a week.

It is not enough to simply clean the prosthesis. You should also clean the soft tissues and teeth in your mouth with a soft brush.

When you remove your prosthesis, keep it in a container filled with water.

If you neglect the daily cleaning of your prosthesis:

  • Aesthetic appearance deteriorates by changing color
  • Infection occurs in our mouth.
  • As a result of deposits or tartar under the prosthesis, irritation in the soft tissues and benefits in the gums occur.

General Information About Prosthesis

The average life of your prosthesis is 3 years. Since your oral tissues will change over time, the harmony of your prostheses will also deteriorate. The prosthesis may become abundant. Chewing efficiency may be reduced. Depending on the situation, your doctor can fill the prosthesis or make a prosthesis again.

After getting used to the prostheses, a check-up should be done every 6 months. If there is a change or abnormality in your tissues, it would be appropriate for the physician to take precautions or treat it early.

Prostheses should not remain in the mouth permanently. Preferably at night, the dentures should be removed and the oral tissues should be rested.

Getting used to prostheses takes time. This habituation period is 1-2 months. The person should be determined to accept and use the prosthesis. He should try to persevere. You should definitely go to the dentist within the first 24-48 hours after the denture is placed.

You should try to chew your meals in smaller bites and on both sides.

Even with a correctly made prosthesis, there may be problems in the pronunciation of some sounds. Reading aloud books and magazines shortens this familiarization process. Speech returns to normal.

Even with a correctly made prosthesis, there may be problems in the pronunciation of some sounds. Reading aloud books and magazines shortens this familiarization process. Speech returns to normal.

The care may vary depending on the type of prosthesis.

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